Every Human has their own life span:

Every human will enjoy the beauty of life based on the validity of their life-span they have left; but while living on earth, they have a choice to make. If they’re born in poor families then it is not their mistake but if they die as poor men then there is their mistake or misfortune. However, in natural-law, it’s not compulsory that everybody should die in their choice; whether they want to die as poor men or rich men is not up-to them. The law of the nature should be understood properly; if you want to live a happy life, because the natural law is directly interrelated to good life. Sing out your life as a song in a tune of natural law; human desire are unlimited, If you want something extra then you should invest something in any form towards it; because if we do something for it then there will be changes in any form and it will get back to you. I said this by knowing the fact that nothing is permanent on this earth; the old men may leave to this world but new child will born in this world, and this circle will continue until the end of the world.

-Kharingyo shimrah

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Topic: Racial discrimination to North East people in Bangalore criminal case studies.

Research question: why there is racial discrimination to North-East people in Bangalore; at what stage the discrimination has happened in legal system; it is in FIR stage, investigation stage, filing cases or trail system?

 

Introduction: Every Indian is equal before the law of the land and I believe in equity and justice; however, I find out many evidence of racial discrimination against North-East people by fellow citizen in many part of the city. North-East people are mongoloid race and they are different from other Indian state in many ways but the beauty of India lies in its diversity. In Indian constitution, every citizen is equal before the law; but why the North-East people have been treating like a second class citizen because they belong to Mongoloid? Did the law give equal right to all citizen including North-East people is a thousand mile question in reality? As I know, we the North east people are facing racial discrimination in every major city of India including Bangalore city; however, the law protects every citizen of India equally. I find two major problems for this case: Firstly, every citizen didn’t accept that every Indian citizen is equal before the law of the land. Secondly, those people who didn’t accept that everyone is equal before the law of the land committed crime against North-East people but the concern authority who enforce the law of the land can’t give justice based on the law of the land. Thereby, the North-East Indians in Bangalore are feeling insecure but in reality, they are not aliens in their own country. Then what make them so aliens by racially discriminating them for being North East? I have done a research on this issue and I meet many victims, police and various offices.  I will discuss in more detail; how I feel that the discrimination is exist and if it existed then at what stage; it is in FIR stage, Investigation stage, Filing charge sheet or trail process.

Literature Review:

I have read many article and related pieces on racial discrimination to North-East people: Mr. Sira Kharay (Advocate Delhi High Court) wrote an article on “Racist apartheid and the Mongoloid Northeast” at E-Pao, Imphal based online newspaper. He place his argument are based on his experience as a student coordinator of Delhi; according to him, North-East people belong to Mongoloid and most of them are tribal group as well as economically backward group and this is the main reason for discrimination. He added, North-East people were discriminated in every major cities of Indian mostly by those people who didn’t know that Mongoloid look North-East are Indian but most of people discriminate us knowingly. However, the concern authority sometime takes proper action to accuse but most of the time they fail to do so. I strongly agree with him because, most of the time there is discrimination to the North-East people in every major cities but the concern authority (Police and Judges) didn’t take it seriously and they didn’t punish the accused nor bring justice to the victim. North-East people are economically depriving group, for this reason they can’t hire good lawyer; justice and fairness is difficult for them in their home town and outside the North-East state. This was discussed by Mr. Sanjib Baruah on his article, “Protective Discrimination and Crises of Citizenship in Nort East India” at Economic and Political weekly (2013). I agree with Sanjib buruah because Justice and fairness is difficult for political and economic reason in the northeast state and outside the state. For this reason most of the people come to cities for search of Job and studies; however, they were deprive, justice and fairness is not visible for North-East people.

The Right to Life of the many North-East people were threaten in many incident; some were murder (Richard Liothem) and some were escape (Thotningkhan) from attempt to murder where the concern authority can’t interpret the Article 21 of Indian constitution guaranteed for Right to life. It is discuss by Riya Jain, UILS Panjab University on the article of “Article 21 of the constitution of Indian- Right to life and personal liberty” she articulate like a lawyer, and she interpret the article 21 of the constitution in details. But I didn’t find that law applied to every citizen of India in practical but in theory the article 21 covered including to North-East people.  Because the main problem is that some citizen are not abide the law and on the other hand, authority has fails to bring justice when crime happen to North-East people.

 

Research method: I use both Primary and Secondary data but mostly Primary data which was collected through questionnaire method:

Questionnaire: Most of my data are primary data;

  1. Chingmi Jajo 24 years old, he was attack and badly bitten up by the group of people. He calls his friend for help, and they went to the Koromangla Police station for police complain but the police refuse to register FIR. Police said to them to away from here and they speak in their local dialect. So, they went to the Adugodi police station and filed FIR.

According to him, there is discrimination in the stage of FIR, because he was denied to register FIR in the Koromangla police station and added, the police didn’t conducted proper investigations his cases. He went back to his home town because he said that he feel insecure staying in Bangalore.

I went to the North-East Solidarity and police station; talk to the police inspector about the case; the inspector said that they follow the rules and they do what they have to do.

  1. Rocky Haokip 32 years old, face racial discrimination; he said that the incident happen in the evening at Kothanur Bangalore. He was with Micheal Lamjathang Haokip and Ngamkholen Haokip, they were stop by group of people; those local people asked them to speak kanada but when Michal Haokip reply to them that they can’t speak! Then the local youth said that if you are in Bangalore, you should speak Kanada; and start punching and kicking them and they were badly bitten by a group of people. They register FIR in kathanur police station, the police arrested three youth but all of them were release on bail.

According to Mr. Rocky Haokip, they were bitten up badly and all three of them were hospitalized but the authority never takes it seriously. They (Accuse) were arrested but release after an hour’s which is mocking to Indian Judiciary system.

I talk with NEWAK President Akho Resu and I went to the Kothanur Police Station; I speak to the Police Inspector, he said that the case is under trail and he can’t give any document without the permission of DCP. So, we have a formal conversation regarding their cases; the police said that those who attack to Rocky Haokip and friends are local Kunda, he added the case is under trail.

  1. Thotningkhan 22 years old, he stays in the Passport office Koromanla. The incident happen when he come back from the worship; two man stop him and start stepping with knifes. So, he was trying to escape but he was step from the back side and he fell down. He cries for help and some local people including woman come and help him. He was taking to the hospital and the FIR was register. The police arrested accuse within 48 hours and produce in the magistrate court.

According to Mr. Thotningkhan, they were refused to register FIR by police in the beginning.  At last the FIR was register and he can’t hire lawyer

I went to the police station with Mr. Shangreiyo President of Student union who registered FIR for Thotningkhan. I speak to the police Inspector; he said we did our part. He added once the FIR is registered we proceed the investigation, arrest and filing charge sheet, produce to the court.

  1. Mr. Chumdemo Shitio 43 years old, were abused by three people in Doddabelavengala Bangalore; he said, it was Saturday afternoon, they gone on a drive to Nrithyagram. Four men assaulting and racially abusing to the couple, they said that “what are you doing in our country?” He was with his wife; the men started abusing to the couple, they snack his wife umbrella and started hitting to Chumdemo. When his wife Merin intervenes, she too was slapped and she fall down. They register FIR to Doddabelavengala Police station and the police arrested four people name: Harish (27), Mahesh (27), Rathan (31) and Ananth (30).

According to Mr. Chumdemo Shitio, there was discrimination in the FIR stage in his experience; when they tried to filing a police complaint at Soladevanahalli police Station but they were asked to go elsewhere. So, he said that he call to V.S. D’Souza, the nodal officer dealing crime against people from the North East. At last they register FIR in another police station; he said that there is discrimination in FIR stage and Filling Charge sheet in legal system.

  1. I have traced the case of Mr. Richard Loitammurder case; In May 2012 Mr. Richard has murder and there was a huge cry for justice. I have talk to the family’s members and his friends. When I talk with families’ member and police, they said they those accused were arrested but release on bail. Mr. Richard mother is a doctor in Imphal, she feel that there is discrimination and biasness in the court decision and they are not happy with the court decision.

 

Data analysis:

I have collected all the necessary information from the victim, taking interview with inspector in different police station and had a conversation with DCP, ADP and other organization leaders.

Firstly, some citizens neither accept nor respect the law of the land which lied down in “Fundamental Right and Indian constitution”. Example: The accused of Thotningkhan case is habitual offender and he admitted the crime before the police. Accused said to police, they can escape from the crime against North-East people because they see him as outsider. They thought that they can kill him and escape from the spot. He has been stabbed by knife from the back side by two people; and the police refuse to register FIR until the police inspector intervenes.

Secondly, in most of the cases; the police were refusing to register FIR.  I come to know from my research that there is discrimination in FIR stage.  I have personally met to Mr. Thotningkhan and other victims; I listens the entire incident that took place. According to the data I receive; four of them faces problem in filing FIR stage, police refuse to register FIR for North-East people cases. I realized that there is discrimination very much existed in FIR stage at Police station.

Thirdly, investigations process: The case of Mr. Richard Liothem murder case in May 2012; the police report that he has died in road incident in their report. My question is, how did they conduct the first investigations when the report changes after the families’, Human Right Activist and Political party intervene in for this case? How it can be natural dead when Richard has several head, chest and other part injuries and why the two students run away from their hostel after he was killed? When the group of people cries for justice the second police report changes from natural death to murder but why don’t they come up with truth in the first report? The police try to cover-up the crime against North-East people committed by some people. I feel that there is discrimination in investigations stage for this case. I personally feel, the parliament should pass anti-racial discrimination Act. or law  in the earliest.

 

Discussion:

I claim that there is discrimination against North-East even in legal system; I recall the CNN IBN opinion pull on Dec 06 2014 at New Delhi, “Racial Discrimination against North-East people a reality: survey -54 percent people from North-East feel that discrimination is reality and 74 percent felt that Delhi is the most unsafe, a survey report revealed.” I have take formal interview to DCP, ACP and Police inspector but they are not cooperating to my research. However, I move forward with the same question, discrimination against to North-east people exist in the legal system? I find out that there is discrimination in FIR stage and there were exceptional to discriminate in legal system apart that stage.   From the literature review on racial discrimination and the field report can discus in more details.

Firstly, I will discuss how the discrimination against to North-East people happens in legal system: I want to refer Article 21 read as: “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law” and this article has clearly discuss by Riya Jain, according to Riya it cover for all citizen of India. However, is this theory applied in practical is doubtful when it come for North-East people. It is clear that the North-East people face much discrimination but only few were punish under the law of the land. Because most of the victim registers FIR but they never appear to court for witness when call by the court. That is not the mistake from the authority.  However, I find that discrimination is happening mostly in FIR stage.

Secondly, what is the nature of issue being analyzed on the racial discrimination to North East people in Bangalore? Many North-East people were discriminated on the basis of race, region, and religion, language, skin and so forth. The discrimination to North-East people is a reality; Call North East people Chinky jail for five year. “The Ministry of Home Affairs has asked all state and Union Territories to book anyone who commits an act of atrocity against people from the region under Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act” –The Time of Indian (June 06, 2012). However, I doubt that this is the right step to stop racism.

Thirdly, what is the evidence data support is needed based on my research?

Example 1: There are many cases were not register FIR. Miss Chon-Chon 43 resident of Koromangla was driving Active, she was hit by Mercedes from behind and those who are in the Mercedes scolded and abuse her that “don’t you know Indian traffic rule and asking which country she is from?” but she didn’t contact to any authority.

Example 2: Mr. Thotningkhan case was refuse to registered FIR in the beginning.  I have read the FIR copies; it charges by attempt to murder. According to police inspector, “Within 48 hours two of them were arrested by the police and brought to Magistrate Court. They admitted the crime, and one of them was sent to Agrahara Bangalore Central Jail and other has kept in Minor Welfare Rehabilitation.

Example 3: Mr. Richard Loithem murder case, the cases have been filed against Mr. Syed Afzal Ali from Chattisgarh and Mr. Visal Bannerjee from West Bengal under Section 302 (Murder) and Section 323 (Voluntarily causing hurt) of the IPC. There are many evidences that he has been murder; however, both of them release on bail. They might be a student or may have exam but they should be responsible for their crime. Richard’ families are unhappy with the court decision and from this case I remember once Aristotle said, “At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst”. I wonder why the parliament can’t do nothing when many North-East people were discriminating and Indian judiciary can’t defense against racist violence.

 

Conclusion: I believe in unity and divert and real beauty of India in it diversity; I equally respect all citizen of India and human being equally. However, Many North-East people have experienced of racially discriminating because they belong to Mongoloid race and they are the minority in India. There are many crimes against North-East people in many cities including Bangalore.

I pick up five cases that has happen in Bangalore are as under:

  1. Thotningkhan case (2016): attempt to murder; in this case the discrimination is happen in FIR stage
  2. Richard Loithem cases (2012): Murder; in this case the discrimination is happen in Investigations and trail process.
  3. Mr. Chumdemo Shitio case (2015): Assaulting and abused; in this case the discrimination is happen in FIR stage and trail process.
  4. Chingmi Jajo case (2014): attempt to murder; In this case the discrimination is happening in FIR state and investigations process.
  5. Rocky Kipgen cases (2014): In this case the discrimination is happen in investigations and trail process.

From all the above cases I studied, I find that most of the discrimination is in the FIR stage, investigations and trail process. I find that there are many citizens who didn’t accept the equality and fundamental right mention in the Indian constitution. On the other hand the authority who interpreted the constitution has failed to translate the constitutional theory into practical. Time and again Northest people have been abuse and harass in Bangalore in deferent occasion but judiciary is lethargic and unimaginative on these issues. Who knows it may still take a decade or a century or may never enact anti-racist law.

Lastly, I find that discrimination to North-East people has been happening even in legal system. Example: In FIR stage, Investigation stage, and Trail process. I want the parliament to enact anti-Racial Discrimination law to protect North-East people from racial discrimination.

 

References:

  1. http://www.epw.in/journal/2003/17/commentary/protective-discrimination-and-crisis-citizenship-north-east-india.html
  2. http://e-pao.net/epSubPageExtractor.asp?src=news_section.opinions.Opinion_on_Racial_Discrimination.Racist_Apartheid_and_the_Mongoloid_Northeast_By_Sira_Kharay
  3. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1091030/jsp/northeast/story_11675724.jsp
  4. https://www.facebook.com/northeastindiaworld/posts/295053510689064
  5. http://www.ibnlive.com/news/india/discrimination-against-northeast-people-a-reality-survey-729958.html
  6. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/people/Call-a-Northeastern-Chinki-be-jailed-for-5-yrs/articleshow/13848316.cms
  7. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/the-loitam-case-was-just-a-trigger/article3396513.ece
  8. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/the-loitam-case-was-just-a-trigger/article3396513.ece

The Social structure of Tangkhul Naga

The social structure of Tangkhul Naga society has three tier system;

Frstly, Tangkhul Villages

Secondly, Tangkhul Naga Long and

Thirdly, Naga Hoho

  1. NAGA HOHO: The Naga Hoho is a federation of all Naga tribes and is the third institution of the Nagas, the first two being the Naga Village and the Tribe Hoho. IT was form on 25th June 1994 at Wokha and its constitution was adopted after official formation of the Naga Hoho on the 11th and 12th March during the 1998 session at Zunhebuto. The Naga Hoho is not political or a Government body, nor is it like other NGOs and social organizations. But it is a tribe based apex body of the Nagas under the traditional system of the Naga people. Most political and social organizations begin first with the formation of the apex body and only subsequently the structures at the regional, district and block levels are organized and formed. But the Naga Hoho was formed in an almost unique and indigenous manner unlike other organizations. It was built upon the Naga traditional institutions which evolved naturally.

The sequences are as under;

  • The Village: The first among Naga institutions at the grassroot level.
  • The Tribe Hoho: The second among Naga institutions at the Tribe level
  • The Naga Hoho: The third and apex institutions of the Nagas.

As seen above the Naga Hoho did not organize and form its units. The first among the Naga institutions, that is, the villages had existed for generations before the Naga Hoho came into being. Likewise the Tribal Hohos of the Naga tribes such as the Ao Senden, The Sumi Hoho, The Tangkhul Naga Long/Tangkhul Naga Long, The Angami Public Organization, The Konyak Union, The Lotha Hoho etc. were already in existence before the formation of the Naga Hoho. The formation of this apex Naga body was through a process that was intrinsic to the Naga ethos and way of life. The tribe Hohos are the foundation on which the Naga Hoho now stands. Thus the Naga Hoho was formed by the Naga people with the following objectives:

  • To uphold the solidarity of the Nagas.
  • To rebuild the Naga family.
  • To facilitate early settlement of the Naga issue.
  • To safeguard and protect the Naga system and tradition.
  • To promote the social, cultural, economic and political heritage.

Members: Other organizations belong to some individuals or group of people. But the Naga Hoho belongs to all Nagas irrespective of tribe or whether they are underground or civil/overground, young or old, man or woman. The members of the Naga Hoho include 37 tribes with associate memberships from rest of the Naga tribes which have not been officially affiliated.

Constitution: Other organizations have independent constitutions framed as per the desires and designs of the founding members. which are also amended to suit the situations. But, the Naga Hoho cannot have a constitution that is totally independent of the customary laws, traditions, conventions that are totally independent of the customary laws, traditions, conventions and common practices of the Nagas. Its functioning is governed by the Naga world view from which it derives its objectives and goals.

 

2. Tangkhhul Naga Long: The Tangkhul Naga Long is a federation of all Tangkhul Villages and is the second institution of the Nagas, the first one being the Tangkhul Village. IT was form on before 1914 before the world war Started and its constitution was adopted after official formation of the Tangkhul Awunga. The Tangkhul Naga Long is not political or a Government body, nor is it like other NGOs and social organizations. But it is a tribe based apex body of the Tangkhul Naga under the traditional system of the Tangkhul Naga people. Most political and social organizations begin first with the Villages and it was built based on the Tangkhul Naga traditional institutions which evolved naturally.

The sequences are as under;

  • The Tangkhul Village: The first among Naga institutions at the grassroots level.
  • The Tangkhul Naga Long: The this is the apex body of Tangkhul Villages at the Tribe level.

Tangkhul Naga Long and the villages headman had existed for generations before the Naga Hoho came into being. Likewise the Tribal Hohos of the Tangkhul Naga tribes “The Tangkhul Naga Long/Tangkhul Naga Long” were already in existence before the formation of the Naga Hoho. The formation of this apex Tangkhul Naga Long was through a process that was intrinsic to the Naga ethos and way of life. Thus the Tangkhul Naga Hoho was formed by the Tangkhul Naga people with the following objectives:

  • To preserve the Tangkhul Naga identity and history and to uphold the solidarity of all Tangkhul Nagas vilages
  • To rebuild the Tangkhul Naga family.
  • To protect from other war from outsider.
  • To safeguard and protect the Naga system and tradition.

There are four historical longpang(court) located in Ukhrul town; all the cases were settle  according to their geographical location. However, if there is dispute among the Longpang or if the petitioner or accused or victim are not satisfied with the decision of their Longpang then They can go to Longrei(which is the apex court in the Tangkhul Tribe).

  1. Ato (North) Longpang
  2. Aza (South) Longpang
  3. Zingtun (West) Longpang
  4. Zingsho (East) Longpang

And the Apex is Longrei; this is the apex body of four longpang.

 

  1. Villages: Tangkhul villagesis a Naga tribe living in the Indo-Burma border area occupying the Ukhrul district in ManipurIndia and the Somra Tangkhul hills (Somra tract) in Upper Burma. Despite this international border, many Tangkhul have continued to regard themselves as “one nation”

There are number of villages in the tangkhul community. There are 16 Tangkhul villages in Burma; the entire village has numbers of clan. Most of the villages have common surname; each clan has eldest member is called “Pipa” he represent the clan in the village council. In the village council all the clan sent their representative and they administer the village. There are two main bodies: one is king of the village (Kingship) and other is chairman of the village (chairmanship). Both the king and chairman have their own power laid town in the constitution of the village and it varies from village to village. Tangkhul (Tangkhul Naga) is a Sino-Tibetan language of the Tangkhul branch. It is spoken in 168 villages of Ukhrul districtManipur, India, with speakers scattered in Nagaland and Tripura as well.

Tangkhul is not close to other Naga languages. It is a dialect continuum, in which speakers from neighboring villages may be able to understand each other, but a dialect farther north or south will be less easily understood, if at all. The lingua franca is the Hunphun (Ukhrul) dialect.

The language dialect spoken by the people of Hunphun (the traditional name of Ukhrul) became the most common dialect among the Tangkhuls because the British set up their administration in Ukhrul. The American Baptist missionary Rev. William Pettigrewtranslated the Bible into the Hunphun dialect.

 

Village council: According to the latest research there are approximately 380 Tangkhul villages. Among them, 16 Tangkhul Villages are located in Burma.

  1. Each clan sent their representative to village council; they are called “hangva”

2. The eldest of the clan enjoy his right with the king of the village and they are neither nominated nor elected but their right derives from the history. All the land revenue right and historical conflict cases were hander by them in the village court.

The constitution (Riyan) is the head of the villages no person in the village including King, Pipa, Hangva  and Chairman can’t override the Riyan of the village. The riyan is the supreme where all customary law, traditional rule, historical boundaries and some event were written in it

 

Mr. R.S Ruichumhao role in Formation of Naga Club

In the time of World War I (1914–18), the British Government recruited a number of labourers and porters from the Naga tribes. As part of the labor corps, around 2000 Nagas and many more from North east led by RS Ruichumhao were sent to France, where, alienated from the other British Indian troops, they developed a sense of unity. They agreed that after returning to their homeland, they will work towards unity and friendship among the various Naga tribes. These Nagas under RS Ruichumhao leadership come together with the British officials, formed the Naga Club in 1918. Mr. R.S. Ruichumhai was one of the few who can speak English and translate to fellow Naga about the ideas of the important of forming Naga Club. No doubt he is one of the visionary leaders who contribute the ideas of forming the Naga Club. However, His name was excluded in the signing of memorandum to Simon Commission because his interest has turn toward spreading of Gospel in Nagalim.

This club provided the socio-political foundation for the Naga nationalist movement. In 1929, the Club submitted a memorandum to the Simon Commission, requesting that the Nagas should be given a choice of self-determination after the British departure from India

A brief biography account of Mr. RS. Ruichumhao: He was born on 7th May 1896, He attended school from 1905-1912. In 1909, he was baptized by Rev. William Pettigrew. He was the first convert among the Western Tangkhul. He was also the first among Nagas in Manipur to receive education from Jorhat and Shillong from 1914-1916. During the 1st World War, he was selected as a leader to go to France to assist the Allied Forces as the Group Leader of 2000 Nagas in the Labour Corps and promoted to higher rank in 1917. In 1918, On his return from France, he clicks the Ideas of unity and friendship among all Naga and contribute the ideas of forming Naga Club but his interest is on tribal community with the Bible and the Holy Spirit with a single mission to spread the Gospel.  Thereby, he went to Shillong for further studies in 1919. After that, he came back to Nagalim and  with a vision and mission to spread good gospel. Very soon, this man, inspired by the Holy spirit, went far beyond the Mao-Maram frontiers in Manipur and Somrah Tract in Burma to preach the Gospel, winning 1300 souls single-handedly. He is still remembered as the good missionary of Christianity in larger parts of the Tangkhul community. He died on 17th January, 1933. He was only 37 then.

EPILOGUE: INTERPRETING SOME OF THE VISIONS HE SAW

Ruichumhao was a man of vision in the true sense of the term. His vision went beyond the realm of religion. It encompasses political, educational and economic vision too. He dug canals to divert water to fields that were not properly irrigated. These canals to these days continue to water these parched fields, ensuring that many families do not go hungry. Here in this section the focus is only on the spiritual visions he received from God. Some of these visions have already appeared in the preceding pages. They are selected because of their significance and wider implications. First, a brief summary of the visions is given, second, an interpretation and their fulfillments are traced.

1. While he was studying at the L.P. School of Phadang in 1907(?) a local woman saw in her dream a bright star over Somdal.

2. In 1906 at Phadang he dreamt that he was rolling upon the royal bed for young people kept at the house of the chief. Young people did not sleep at home but in their bachelor’s dormitory, which was mostly the chief’s house. A mammoth flat piece of wood hewn out of a single tree was used for this kind of bed. One such bed could accommodate around 10 persons.

3. At Ukhrul in 1908 on his way to the bathroom he was engulfed in a mysterious fire. But he was neither burnt, singed nor did he felt the searing heat. When Rev.William Pettigrew was told of this, he advised Ruichumhao not to tell others. “The Lord has wonderful but unknown plan for you” was the explanation of Pettigrew.

4. In 1918 while he was in France, he used to pray every day in the early hours of the morning. His body would be covered in a bright glow of light and sparks. The commander of his unit photographed this. When asked why he was praying everyday Ruichumhao replied, “I am standing on a foreign soil hearing throughout the day hearing the volleys of gunfire and battles. I am praying for the safety of the soldiers, for peace, and for victory for France and England”. The commander was impressed and remarked to his officers that Ruichumhao was fit to become a leader. He was assigned additional responsibilities and privileges after this incident.

Vision no. 1.
The bright star that was seen in the dream was Ruichumhao who shone both in his life and death.

Vision no. 2.
Rolling in the bed kept in the house of the chief fore shadowed the persecution and the struggle between the old religion of Shamanism and the new religion of Christianity. Ruichumhao and the new converts were perceived as iconoclasts destabilizing their society, since the new Christians would not join in observing the taboos, rituals and the other tribal religious festivals and functions. Imposing a fine of Rs 15 did not deter others from joining the church. Some defenders of the old ways and religion were fanatically violent. One such was Shangkatit an elderly man of Hoome village. He decided to take the matter in his own hands by vowing to kill Ruichumhao. Hearing that in three days Ruichumhao would be arriving at Khukhon Machit village, Shangkatit sharpened his spear. That night he dreamt that he turned into a lamb when Ruichumhao hit him with a stick. On hearing that Ruichumhao had arrived he went to the village with the intention of impaling Ruichumhao on his spear. But on seeing Ruichumhao he started trembling with fear. Casting down his spear he ran to him, knelt before him and pleaded, “Please do not punish me. I am very sorry. I wanted to kill you but you must be planning to send me to prison. For I dreamt that after you hit me I became a lamb”. Ruichumhao smiled and replied, “O grandpa, do not worry at all. But would you like to become a Christian?”. Shangkat it not only chose to become one but he promised to lead the whole village to Christianity. This kind of struggle between the two religions was the meaning of his vision.

Vision no. 3.
The vision of the mysterious fire that did not burn him was about the fight for justice on behalf of his people against L.L Peters the S.D.O. , Ukhrul. Peter was taking undue advantages of the Tangkhuls in the name of the Labour Corps and the government. During the paddy field season he would force them to work on the road for two or three weeks, use them as porters to carry army rations between Imphal and Ukhrul (82 km) and force young beautiful women to have sex with him. Burning with righteous anger Ruichumhao helped the victims to send a petition against Peters to J.C. Higgins, the Political Agent. Higgins on finding that the allegations against Peters were true transferred him to a distant place. His fearless fight for justice against a powerful officer like Peters was the meaning of vision no. 3. The Christians also accused Peters as being against conversion and anti-Christian.

Vision no. 4.
The light around his body and sparks from his chest meant the breaking out of the Kuki Rebellion War of 1917- 19. The stars signified recognition and honor for him at this war. He transcended tribalism and parochialism in his inter action with other tribes. It was no small achievement that his impartial and disinterested approach earned him the respect of other people, in this case, the Kuki tribe. Those who worked closely with him testified to his broadmindedness when dealing with the Kukis.

The prophecy of RS Ruichumhao (Tangkhul Naga), there were no activities of the so called Naga Club in the beginning. His father had revealed that “Ruichumhao” would lead the war one day. His prophecy came true as Ruichumhao was chosen the leader of the Christian Labour corps at the time when the four kuki Chiefs refused to sent their men
As British Labour Corps. Ruichumhao was one of the contribute in the foemation of Naga Club but he is no more taking apart in it but he was focus on the spreading the gospel in Nagalim.

 

Reference:

  1. Ruivanao, Ringkahao. 2008. Biography of RS Ruichumhao/Haopa (1896-1933)
  2. http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=20..080209.feb09
  3. http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=20..080209.feb09

The beginning of the end of congress rule in Assam.

 Why should we give a chance to Congress; when we have an experience of voting to the right candidates in the wrong party?

 

Assam is the gateway of Northeast development and the get assembly elections will start on 4 April. The state will witness two-stage voting with the second period of voting occurring on 11 April. The votes will be relied on 19 May. The residency of officeholder Congress government, headed by Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi, is going to end in June 2016; be that as it may, the majority party will form a legislature in Assam and it is thoroughly individual’s decision in equitable Nation.

The Congress party has fizzled the Assam state however they are still quick to maintain its prevalence in the state yet the BJP has more grounded wave in the state; looks resolved to expel the Congress. One of the best samples is; more than 3,000 hopefuls have looked for BJP tickets for the forthcoming elections in the state. The notoriety of the BJP party develops every day except then again; there are likewise other regional parties like AASU and AGP in the challenge which the Congress and BJP can’t bear to disregard. In all actuality, the state’s demographic example is diverse to the point that it is a major test for a solitary gathering to claim backing of each segment of the Assamese populace.
The popularities of the BJP is expanding and they are effectively advancing its vicinity in the state. Sarbananda Sonowal, the union minister of sports and youth affairs, likewise the main Assamese in Modi’s cabinet, has been designated as the BJP state chief. The central government is reflecting on a progression of sops for the Assamese electorate in the keep running up to the decisions. Stretching out Scheduled Tribe status to six groups is prime among them. The six groups, which incorporate the Tai Ahom, Koch Rajbonshi, Motok, Moran, Sootia and Tea tribes, speak to more than 40% of the state’s kin may be voted to BJP. By the way, this was additionally one of the primary requests of the star talks groups of insurgencies.

In perspective of these improvements, the Congress is getting stressed. The Tarun Gogoi government is energetically overhauling the National Register of Citizenship and voter’s rundown to reinforce its odds in the races. Which is extremely juvenile politic by imperiling future era of Assamese individuals. Justifiably, the gathering is playing the ethnicity card to counter BJP’s procedure of charming Bengali Hindus in Assam. The slow development of vital gathering MLAs to BJP has additionally been a reason for stress. Congress are crusading firmly, Mr. Rahul Ganghi and Madamji Sonia Gandhi and boss clergyman Tarun Gogoi are attempting to shield their seat from BJP’s solid wave which can shape an excellent mainstream union with other local gathering to over draws the Congress from the decision seat.

 

Assam has an aggregate of 126 constituencies. The political partiess of Assam put their hopefuls candidate on the seats in the decision. Congress is the most intense political gathering in Assam as far as results, and it has won the decision consecutive in most recent 3 years. In any case, this year, the aftereffect of the race may presumably support to BJP drove Regional gatherings.

How the congress has failed the state? Assam has been lack behind in term of development and increasing unemployment rapidly; the state has buried in various issues for quite a while. The issue of corruption is rising and illicit workers and resulting violence is still new in the memory of the Assamese as well as each Indian native. In any case, as nitty gritty investigation of the issue uncovered, the issue is only a side effect of a bigger discomfort. Accordingly, we have to change congress principle in the state to spare the state from perils. The constitution has enabled the general citizen to choose the best party to form a government in the state. Each national of Assamese has an ordeal of choosing a correct individual in the congress party yet they have come up short the state. I appeal all citizen of Assam to give a chance to BJP atleast one shot for social change and advancement. The BJP have a strategy and ability to settle the Assamese citizens problem like; illegal immigration, unemployment and rampant corruption. In spite of the fact that unemployment is an issue all over, it has turned into a noteworthy issue in lower and focal Assam and BJP is the best alternative to take care of this issue. BJP has guarantee to enhance alternate issues influencing local people are absence of essential foundation like power, motorable streets, drinking water and solve militancy problem. They can bring all militancy into main stream; no big surprise, congress botch on the deluge of illicit foreigners from over the outskirt puts greater weight on restricted assets yet BJP confront stop it. This has truly influenced the lawfulness circumstance in Assam and turn into a noteworthy barricade to the state’s improvement however the congress never acknowledged in their third time in force. The general population of Assam are losing persistence with the rising defilement and Congress’ token endeavors has neglect to correct the circumstance; consequently, BJP have an incredible opportunity to satisfy their guarantee and give each need of the Assamese in the event that they were offered opportunity to manage the state.

Finally, the state unit of the INC is known as the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee or APCC which was shaped in the year 1921 has failed to prove a good governance to the general population of Assam in their third term in power. As of now, the Chairperson of the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee is Bhubaneshwar Kalita who is a good leader, however their party’s works in the Assam has not came to the level of fulfillment but rather very flawed and questioned by numerous intellects and common citizen of Assamese. We need not take another risk with congress in power but rather we ought to allow deserving party to give chance for the greater interest of the state. There is high probability that the power may be move from congress to BJP merging with regional parties; each resident of Assam should realized that we have a privilege to vote in favor for changes (vote in favor of BJP) and for better Assam among the Indian state. I am anticipating welcome the new government in Assam! Good luck to all the parties.