NAGA NATIONAL MOVEMENT

IS INDIAN GOVERNMENT READY TO ACCEPT NAGA NATION?

HISTORICAL BACKGOUND OF NAGA POLITICAL NATIONALISM: The Nagas are the first settler in Naga ancestral homeland and we/Naga have been living as free nation until British colonization taking place in south East Asia. Nagas have been fighting to British and to the India and Burma for their illegal occupation of Nagalim. The Naga nationalism begin in 1 91 8 when 2000 Nagas as labor corps sent by British Government to France returned. They together with the British officials, formed the Naga Club in 1 91 8 providing the socio­political foundation for the Naga nationalist movement. The social legitimacy has been a part of the Naga struggle for unique history, political representation and dignity. Starting way back in 1918 by the Naga Club, the Naga ethnic movement was further entrenched in 1929 when the Club submitted a memorandum to the Simon Commission in which it stated that those from mainland India and the Nagas have nothing in common. The Naga Club was followed up by the Naga National Council (NNC) formed in 1946 by the charismatic leader A Z Phizo. We need to study what happened to Naga’s Freedom Declaration on 1 4 August 1 947 which was an undeniable fact? Why wouldn’t the UN recognize the Nagas independent Declaration even when it was said to have communicated via telegram?

NNC conducted plebiscite in 1951 where 99.9% voted for free Nagaland. The period of the 1950s, 1960s and the 1970s were turbulent periods in Naga inhabited area with insurgency and counterinsurgency resulting in civilian deaths. In 1964, a Nagaland Peace Mission was formed which signed a ceasefire with Phizo, only to last till 1968. In 1975, the Shillong Accord was signed in which the NNC agreed to give up arms and accept the Indian Constitution. Muivah and Swu, who were then NNC members revolted, and went on to form the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in 1980 with S S Khaplang. In 1988, the NSCN split due to leadership differences into the NSCN (IM) and the NSCN (K).  Then came NSCN (U) out of NSCN­ IM, and Likewise NSCN K split into NSCN ­KK & NSCN­ R in the recent past. At the end of the day, whether it is NSCN-­K, NSCN­-IM, NSCN-­R, NSCN-KK etc they are Nagas, they are our people. Thus, the discourse of Naga’s political movement suggests that the Naga national movement had earned with blood, sweat and tears. And it was technically and forcefully fragmented and put them into the hands of many internal and external actors creating multiple stakeholders so that until all these slices are brought together, it cannot be put to shape. Thereby, I strongly advocate for reconciliation and shun factional clashes for money (taxes collection) and power (leadership). Listen to people’s voice and work together by leaving all differences aside in order to attain our goal. There are many professional experts in their own field of which collective leaderships is an example. They know exactly what is to be done. We ought to respect one another and support toward reconciliation for NPGs. Without peaceful solution and without unity of Nagas it will be fighting a losing war; and we must select the deserve candidate to lead our society.
When I was young, I heard that Naga Club was form on 1918 to protect Nagalim from British Empire and later on come Nation National Council and I was one of the hard-core supporters of NNC and I heard many story of Naga National Movement from my grandpa who was an active member of NNC but when I grew up, there are many version of the story which gives me better ideas to understand the Naga National Movement. I read many books on Naga issues and I find that Nagas are ‘nationalist and religious’ but factionalism is the main problem, and on the other hand, Indian are not honest in politics. However, recently Modi led NDA govt. are very much positive with NSCN IM for some reasons. When I was professionally trained in Law and Governance at APU, I remember one of the focal points that the road is the backbone of economic development and quality education is the powerhouse of social progress in the modern society and the pride of the state. We can reflect back to our National movement that the constant support of every citizen directly or indirectly to Naga leaders for every activity is very essential to come for final settlement, and using the power-house of the members in our society is the pride of the Naga Nation. The current burning issue in our Naga political scenario signifies our positions, and the demand for IPL by Meitei diverted to pass three bills which affect the Nagas tribal in Manipur in long term policy; because it is not surprising that the JCILPS has been able to dictate terms to the state government into accepting them: However, that may turn out to be the easier part. For the proposed legislation to become law, and if the hill areas are to be within its ambit, that will require the concurrence of the HAC which is unlikely to happen. The bill, if passed in the assembly, will have to go to the Governor and the Union where it will most probably be stuck. Thereby every concern citizens should understand that representative govt. is not always responsive govt. in our society. On the other hand, “Peace Accord” has signed on 3rd August 2015 between Indian and NSCN (IM) in New Delhi. Mr. Modi led NDA govt. foreign policy especially ‘Act East Policy’ has articulated his vision for transforming the Northeast and has attached priority to peace, security, connectivity and economic development in the region. The Peace Accord has with great finesse been termed by the govt. of India as Framework Agreement signed between NSCN(IM) and GOI which was hatched with the firm belief of the centre to end the oldest insurgency issue in the country and to restore peace and pave the way for prosperity in the North East, a step that’s bound to herald into a life of dignity, integrity and equity for the Nagas based on the uniqueness of the Naga people and their cultures and traditions, which can eventually lead to Naga Nation. We should think critically that the two demands are successful in different versions because working-together as a team is very essential to achieve some goal. But the question is – are we/Naga trust to collective leadership and Naga leaders as a team?
Support for the claim on Naga nationhood: Naga have every right to be independence nation based on the historical rights and the interest of the people. Naga sovereignty is neither given by India nor Burma but it always belong to Naga people. Naga Nation does not have to be all or nothing. There are many constitutional arrangements where high autonomy has allowed under Constitution, a nation to pursue many of its national goals while remaining part of a larger sovereign state. Scotland in UK is one good example of a people who have a strong sense of National identity, and enjoy a large measure of political independence while remaining part of Britain.
Naga Nation-states: A community of people who claim the right of self-determination based on a common ethnicity, history and culture might seek to establish sovereignty over a region, thus creating a nation-state. Such nations are sometimes recognized as autonomous areas rather than as fully sovereign, independent states.
Evidence from current negotiation: Centre prepared to accept 80% of NSCN (IM)’s demands for Naga solution: Parliamentary Working Committee (PWC). “Prime Minister is prepared to offer us 80 percent out of 100 and 20 percent for further negotiation,” Home Minister Y Patton told the House. He said both Prime Minister and Home Minister were serious about the Naga issue and wanted solution at the earliest even within few months. However, I heard that the recent ‘peace accord’ is just a framework; I can’t comment on it, because till date it’s not make public for some political reason, but I do believed in collective leaderships that they have learned from the Naga history and they will not betray to Naga people, Naga History and to almighty God. I suggest them to reach out, starting from shareholders to grassroots (village-level) by making the ‘peace accord public’ and to take initiative for reconciliation of all factions before they sign the ‘Final Peace Accord”. I wish them all, to have a successful talk on ‘Pan Naga Hoho’ and May God give a peace to all Naga people for once and all. On the other hand, I want to request other factions to give a chance to NSCN IM by stopping to spread false rumors and shun the violent in Naga Homeland. Let’s wait and watch for the greater interest of Naga society.
Support from Nagaland Government:
Nagaland Legislative Assembly members were very much positive toward peace and permanent solution for Naga people.
Nagaland CM ready to step down if acceptable & honorable solution is found
• Naga customary & land holding system will be respected by Centre
• Naga issue to be resolved by sharing of power between GoI and Naga people
– T R Zeliang, CM Nagaland
Support from Naga Hoho, NSF, NMA, UNC, ENPO etc and many civilians: They support the peace accord because Naga society deserves peace and Naga Nation; not because they are afraid of NSCN. Long live Nagalim.

There are some reasons Goi want to solve Naga issues:
1. Mr. Modi led NDA govt. foreign policy especially ‘Act East Policy’ has articulated his vision for transforming the Northeast and has attached priority to peace, security, connectivity and economic development in the region.
2. Once Naga issues is solve then they will wipes out other remaining insurgencies in North-East India. -Sources Indian Intelligence officer.
3. After few decade China will come to help Nagas indirectly or directly to encroach land in North-East part of India and treat to Indian security. –
4. NSCN and Naga National Movement were supported by civil society and intellects. Indian didn’t afraid of their weapons but GoI afraid of Naga scholars and Intellects who support to NSCN. And now they are working in their best level to solve Naga issue.
5. Some pressure comes from international organization and other countries to India for Human Right violation in J & K and North-East India. So, India want to solve Naga Issues in the earliest in order to avoid bad name in international community.
Note: Naga people know what we want better than anyone else; thereby, every solution should be based on Naga’s rights and Interests.

While agreeing with almost all the contentions on the talk between the two party this one thing still perturbs me ,before placing the framework of the peace accord why the consensus consultation of the nagas in general was not taken knowing that every single Naga is a stallholders  to this peace process ,honestly this has created the shadow of doubt ,mistrust ,confusion ,anger in the minds of the people .our leaders should have taken in the confidence of the Naga people in general ,now look at what the GOI is doing, waving a white flag from one hand and flashing a sword on the other hand ,at this given situation what are we suppose to read ? It’s creating more apprehensions and mistrust; for once I wish from the bottom of my heart that this long drawn conflict ends on a positive outcome. Sometime what we are thinking can be difference from those people who are working in the political field, politically speaking. 1. Regarding your first point I think, it is clear from Naga civilians that we want complete sovereignty, and NSCN completely aware of what the Nagas want; before the signing of peace accord as a ‘Framework’ both the party (India and NSCN) has meet to various parties like, NLAs, Naga scholar Delhi, Naga Hoho, NMA, ENPO NSF etc. however, it is their political strategy for not making the peace accord publics in the first place. And I don’t want to criticized on their political strategy because we can’t say it is right or wrong when their policies is in the mid of political arena and there are many senior Naga scholars behind on it. As for my understanding, it should reach out starting from shareholders to grassroots level sooner or later through democratization process and transparence ways before they has sign final settlement. So that there will be less miscommunication and which can avoid misunderstanding between us.
2. I am completely aware of present Indian politics, her constitution, and internal security challenges; The Indian have a peace with NSCN IM and conflict with his brother NSCN K because defense minister has given full encharge to NIA and RAW for arresting the responsible faction to those who killed 18 Indian soldiers in Manipur, which was responsible by NSCN K. And GoI tries to differentiate the Naga issues and that attacking issues but in my eyes or for Nagas people, every one of them are Naga army. I think NSCN IM and Naga civil society should pressurized to GoI to stop playing dirty politics. I have receive a news from my friend that NSF has already submitted a memorandum on this issue to Ravi, Governor and PM of India, and the govt. has given positive respond. Thank to NSF executives for their great job (if it is true)

During the last 60 years, we have witnessed the Naga national movement
a “returning of nationalism” if not of “ethics” per se, at least the movement of a mode of
ethico-juridical reasoning which politically engages the difficult questions of
violence, factionalism and the sacred; terror and the law; life, death and sovereignty; loss and melancholia; or, as we can see in Naga Homeland, the political dilemmas of
truth, hope, justice, and reconciliation. I am wondering whether the emergence of these factionalisms and political criticism on peace accord and the turn to the ethico-juridical has something to do with the fact of our disjointed world experiencing in multi-taxation what for lack of a better policies; I should call politicos uncertainty regarding reconciliation. In such situation, NSCN could play a secondary role and Nagas peoples could play primary role for reconciliation and push to peace accord for the greater interest of Naga society. There are some rumors spread by some people who opposed the peace accord; rumors are spread by bad citizens and coward citizens, spread by fools, and accepted by idiots.  Many civilians are in the stage of fear for the rumors at the point,  “I/we fear, it might be another Hyderi or 9/16 points agreement” and there is a question, ‘if BJP led NDA lost it central power congress govt. Will never recognize Naga issue’? According to my understanding, they will make the accord public based on their political timeline in some form before they has signed the agreement. Actually they need not to hide it from anyone but in order to avoid disturbance from all angle, I think they are not making peace accord public for some time. On the other hand, whether Congress or BJP come to power but Naga right will not change and their policies for dealing internal security challenges is almost same but BJP are more straight-forward and tough when compared. Congress never belief in Naga History, and they refuse to talk to Nagas if their demand included sovereignty. I heard that Mr. Rahul Ganghi laugh when he heard that Nagas are demanding complete sovereignty and they never take it seriously; and all chief minister take a U-turn after Sonia Gandhi against the peace accord. One the other hand, yeah in peace-talk/negotiation for nagas they might be soft and friendly but their stand are clear that they will play delaying politics by pushing Indianization politics and divide and rule policy to Nagas. Thereby, since the BJP are looking for development and trying to sovle based on the historical right and the interest of Nagas  there is a high chances to solve Naga issues under Modi led NDA govt. Nagas should not miss this chances and we should not waste the time by believing to false rumors which come from some selfish people. If we miss this opportunity then Nagas will spend another decade to reach to this stage.  I am neither NSCN nor their supporter, we have our own problem but I really support from my heart for “peace and permanent settlement” for Naga people.  We should study logically; how Naga problem started? What is the cause of factionalism and how to solve? Who are our enemies and our naga families? What is the affect of multiples-taxation and corruption in Naga society? Why the BJP govet. Interest to solve decade long insurgencies in south-East asia? Why the peace accord has sign and can it bring peace and development for Naga society? Why some Nagas are opposing to the peace accord? Is the Indian government ready to grand Naga Nation-State? We don’t have ready-made answers to such fundamental problem. However, theologico-political can help for reconciliation in Naga polity. ? In order to productively engage with these difficult questions, on ‘peace accord’ we have to take seriously on the present political scenario toward permanent peace and final solution and of itself and complete the critique of the reconciliation as myth and therefore of final settlement itself that started long ago. Thereby, Nagas should reason together to find the reasonable and permanent solution for one and all.
Note: it is just my opinion as a concern citizen.
Thanks and Regards

Kharingyo Henry Shimrah.

Address: Pixel Park B Block electronic city phase II Bangalore-560100.

Email Id: karinshimrah@gmail.com

Contact No: +919916638692.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282283804_Naga_National_Movement

I LIVE BY CODE

The men who fear God fear nothing:

I belief that there is nothing impossible with God and I belief in myself and trust God.

I live my life by code; and it’s very simple and easy, honors God and His law and honors the humanity and its law, and loves the natural beauty and appreciates development by living a happy life with your love one.

-kharingyo shimrah

RISING OF THE SOUTHERN NAGAS ON NAGA NATIONALISM;

PRESENT NAGA POLITY: Present Naga polity is very complex and highly disastrous on its own history. There are seven factions who are fighting for Naga sovereignty and they fight among themselves for money and power. Majority of the factions respect to NSCN IM, who is the spearheaded faction negotiating with government of India and support by the people. They used to consult to the people for every activities; this exercise in public consultation was a rare glimpse into the functioning of this well-organized insurgent group that has sustained itself since its formation in 1988. The Naga Hoho, an apex Naga social body advised the NSCN (IM) to establish a Code of Conduct (CoC) for its armed cadres especially when they meet with civilians. In response, Swu cautioned his cadres to be disciplined and warned of strict action for those who stray. This feedback mechanism created the social legitimization process that has seen the NSCN (IM) talks held at the level of none other than the Prime Minister through the medium of an interlocutor. Mr. Isak Chisi Swu and Th. Muivah (the outfit’s co-founder) speak on the Naga political cause, and speaking to the Naga People’s Consultative Meeting (PCM) organized by the NSCN (IM) in their Camp Hebron near Dimapur to a gathering of about 5000 people in 2007, asked their opinions on whether to extend the ongoing ceasefire signed in August, 1997 with the Indian government for six months or a year as was the usual practice. The overall popular consensus was that it should be extended indefinitely, and that they did on 31 July, 2007.  The Naga people’s consultative meeting at Chumukedima near Dimapur, Aug. 25 2015; NSCN (I-M) general secretary Thuingaleng Muivah said there would be Naga integration but areas that cannot be brought under it because of geographical location would be covered by the pan-Naga Hoho, which would be almost an independent entity – a statutory body with executive authority, separate budget and negotiating power.

On the contents of the framework agreement signed with New Delhi on August 3, Muivah said both the Centre and the NSCN (I-M) had agreed not to disclose it for the time being to avoid any exploitation of the situation by opponents and forces wanting to sabotage the peace process.

He, however, said the negotiating parties had agreed to share “competencies” in deference to the Naga people’s wish to exercise their sovereign rights. Thus, he disclosed, the August 3 framework agreement mentions that land and its resources would belong to the people and there would be no outside interference. Also, Nagalim and the government of India would jointly explore and exploit mineral resources. He said the Centre had assured them of a unique solution based on the history of the Nagas and added that sovereignty lies with the people.

HISTORICAL BACKGOUND OF NAGA POLITICAL NATIONALISM: The Nagas has been living as free nation until British colonization taking place in south East Asia. Nagas has been fighting to British and to the India and Burma for their illegal occupation of Nagalim. The social legitimacy has been a part of the Naga struggle for unique history, political representation and dignity. Starting way back in 1918 by the Naga Club, the Naga ethnic movement was further entrenched in 1929 when the Club submitted a memorandum to the Simon Commission in which it stated that those from mainland India and the Nagas have nothing in common. The Naga Club was followed up by the Naga National Council (NNC) formed in 1946 by the charismatic A Z Phizo. The period of the 1950s, 1960s and the 1970s were turbulent periods in Nagaland with insurgency and counterinsurgency resulting in civilian deaths. In 1964, a Nagaland Peace Mission was formed which signed a ceasefire with Phizo, only to last till 1968. In 1975, the Shillong Accord was signed in which the NNC agreed to give up arms and accept the Indian Constitution. Muivah and Swu, who were then NNC members revolted, and went on to form the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in 1980 with S S Khaplang. In 1988, the NSCN split due to leadership differences, into the NSCN (IM) and the NSCN (K).

MODERN NAGA POLITY: The modern Naga polity signifies that the NSCN (IM) members has mostly from southern Nagalim has emerged through its political nationalism and local political connections as the most powerful amongst the other factions, who are parochial at best. Moreover, unlike the NSCN (K) whose leader Khaplang has failed to maintain an integrated group with major splits occurring from within his ranks, the NSCN (IM)’s main leaders and cadres have remained intact since 1988. Hence, a peace accord with the NSCN (IM) by which the outfit gives up violence and joins a peaceful dialogue process is a breakthrough.

The three significant contexts of the present Naga polity are; first is the fact that the NSCN (K) abrogated the cease-fire on 27 March, 2015 that it signed with the Government of India in 2001. This led to an atmosphere of lawlessness followed by the deadly ambush on the 6 Dogra regiment on 4 June. In return, there has been pressure from Naga civil society and the Government to lock in the peace process with the NSCN (IM) lest it follows suit. Second, there have been increasing demands for withdrawal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act of 1958 from Nagaland. Third, the NSCN (IM) leaders, Thuingaleng Muivah and Isak Chisi Swu were looking for a resolution framework that met some, if not all of their demands.

PEACE ACCORD: After Shillong Accord, 9 and 16 points agreement; recently, on 3 August PMO convoy of Naga Peace Interlocutor, R N Ravi and Thuingaleng Muivah, the leader of the NSCN (IM) has sign the Naga Peace Accord. As per the peace agreement, the NSCN (IM) has committed to follow a path of peace and abjure violence; the Government of India has bestowed special status to Naga history, culture and tradition partly within the Constitutional framework and outside her constitution. Also, if reports that a non-territorial framework in the form of autonomous district councils for Naga-inhabited areas are in the offing, this would be in the interest of states like Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur that oppose the NSCN (IM)’s demand for Greater Nagalim. While the details are being worked out, I know that the accord has awakened in a friend from Nagaland and completely understand the rise of the southern Nagas brother Nationalism. cont….

NAGA NATIONAL MOVEMENT

IS INDIAN GOVERNMENT READY TO ACCEPT NAGA NATION?
When I was young, I heard that Naga Club was form on 1918 to protect Nagalim from British Empire and later on come Nation National Council and I was one of the hard-core supporters of NNC and I heard many story of Naga National Movement from my grandpa who was an active member of NNC but when I grew up, there are many version of the story which gives me better ideas to understand the Naga National Movement. I read many books on Naga issues and I find that Nagas are ‘nationalist and religious’ but factionalism is the main problem, and on the other hand, Indian are not honest in politics. However, recently Modi led NDA govt. are very much positive with NSCN IM for some reasons. When I was professionally trained in Law and Governance at APU, I remember one of the focal points that the road is the backbone of economic development and quality education is the powerhouse of social progress in the modern society and the pride of the state. We can reflect back to our National movement that the constant support of every citizen directly or indirectly to Naga leaders for every activity is very essential to come for final settlement, and using the power-house of the members in our society is the pride of the Naga Nation. The current burning issue in our Naga political scenario signifies our positions, and the demand for IPL by Meitei diverted to pass three bills which affect the Nagas tribal in Manipur in long term policy; because it is not surprising that the JCILPS has been able to dictate terms to the state government into accepting them: However, that may turn out to be the easier part. For the proposed legislation to become law, and if the hill areas are to be within its ambit, that will require the concurrence of the HAC which is unlikely to happen. The bill, if passed in the assembly, will have to go to the Governor and the Union where it will most probably be stuck. Thereby every concern citizens should understand that representative govt. is not always responsive govt. in our society. On the other hand, “Peace Accord” has signed on 3rd August 2015 between Indian and NSCN (IM) in New Delhi. Mr. Modi led NDA govt. foreign policy especially ‘Act East Policy’ has articulated his vision for transforming the Northeast and has attached priority to peace, security, connectivity and economic development in the region. The Peace Accord has with great finesse been termed by the govt. of India as Framework Agreement signed between NSCN(IM) and GOI which was hatched with the firm belief of the centre to end the oldest insurgency issue in the country and to restore peace and pave the way for prosperity in the North East, a step that’s bound to herald into a life of dignity, integrity and equity for the Nagas based on the uniqueness of the Naga people and their cultures and traditions, which can eventually lead to Naga Nation. We should think critically that the two demands are successful in different versions because working-together as a team is very essential to achieve some goal. But the question is – are we/Naga trust to collective leadership and Naga leaders as a team?
Support for the claim on Naga nationhood: Naga have every right to be independence nation based on the historical rights and the interest of the people. Naga sovereignty is neither given by India nor Burma but it always belong to Naga people. Naga Nation does not have to be all or nothing. There are many constitutional arrangements where high autonomy has allowed under Constitution, a nation to pursue many of its national goals while remaining part of a larger sovereign state. Scotland in UK is one good example of a people who have a strong sense of National identity, and enjoy a large measure of political independence while remaining part of Britain.
Naga Nation-states: A community of people who claim the right of self-determination based on a common ethnicity, history and culture might seek to establish sovereignty over a region, thus creating a nation-state. Such nations are sometimes recognized as autonomous areas rather than as fully sovereign, independent states.
Evidence from current negotiation: Centre prepared to accept 80% of NSCN (IM)’s demands for Naga solution: Parliamentary Working Committee (PWC). “Prime Minister is prepared to offer us 80 percent out of 100 and 20 percent for further negotiation,” Home Minister Y Patton told the House. He said both Prime Minister and Home Minister were serious about the Naga issue and wanted solution at the earliest even within few months. However, I heard that the recent ‘peace accord’ is just a framework; I can’t comment on it, because till date it’s not make public for some political reason, but I do believed in collective leaderships that they have learned from the Naga history and they will not betray to Naga people, Naga History and to almighty God. I suggest them to reach out, starting from shareholders to grassroots (village-level) by making the ‘peace accord public’ and to take initiative for reconciliation of all factions before they sign the ‘Final Peace Accord”. I wish them all, to have a successful talk on ‘Pan Naga Hoho’ and May God give a peace to all Naga people for once and all. On the other hand, I want to request other factions to give a chance to NSCN IM by stopping to spread false rumors and shun the violent in Naga Homeland. Let’s wait and watch for the greater interest of Naga society.
Support from Nagaland Government:
Nagaland Legislative Assembly members were very much positive toward peace and permanent solution for Naga people.
Nagaland CM ready to step down if acceptable & honorable solution is found
• Naga customary & land holding system will be respected by Centre
• Naga issue to be resolved by sharing of power between GoI and Naga people
– T R Zeliang, CM Nagaland
Support from Naga Hoho, NSF, NMA, UNC, ENPO etc and many civilians: They support the peace accord because Naga society deserves peace and Naga Nation; not because they are afraid of NSCN. Long live Nagalim.

There are some reasons Goi want to solve Naga issues:
1. Mr. Modi led NDA govt. foreign policy especially ‘Act East Policy’ has articulated his vision for transforming the Northeast and has attached priority to peace, security, connectivity and economic development in the region.
2. Once Naga issues is solve then they will wipes out other remaining insurgencies in North-East India. -Sources Indian Intelligence officer.
3. After few decade China will come to help Nagas indirectly or directly to encroach land in North-East part of India and treat to Indian security. –
4. NSCN and Naga National Movement were supported by civil society and intellects. Indian didn’t afraid of their weapons but GoI afraid of Naga scholars and Intellects who support to NSCN. And now they are working in their best level to solve Naga issue.
5. Some pressure comes from international organization and other countries to India for Human Right violation in J & K and North-East India. So, India want to solve Naga Issues in the earliest in order to avoid bad name in international community.
Note: Naga people know what we want better than anyone else; thereby, every solution should be based on Naga’s rights and Interests.

While agreeing with almost all the contentions on the talk between the two party this one thing still perturbs me ,before placing the framework of the peace accord why the consensus consultation of the nagas in general was not taken knowing that every single Naga is a stallholders  to this peace process ,honestly this has created the shadow of doubt ,mistrust ,confusion ,anger in the minds of the people .our leaders should have taken in the confidence of the Naga people in general ,now look at what the GOI is doing, waving a white flag from one hand and flashing a sword on the other hand ,at this given situation what are we suppose to read ? It’s creating more apprehensions and mistrust; for once I wish from the bottom of my heart that this long drawn conflict ends on a positive outcome. Sometime what we are thinking can be difference from those people who are working in the political field, politically speaking. 1. Regarding your first point I think, it is clear from Naga civilians that we want complete sovereignty, and NSCN completely aware of what the Nagas want; before the signing of peace accord as a ‘Framework’ both the party (India and NSCN) has meet to various parties like, NLAs, Naga scholar Delhi, Naga Hoho, NMA, ENPO NSF etc. however, it is their political strategy for not making the peace accord publics in the first place. And I don’t want to criticized on their political strategy because we can’t say it is right or wrong when their policies is in the mid of political arena and there are many senior Naga scholars behind on it. As for my understanding, it should reach out starting from shareholders to grassroots level sooner or later through democratization process and transparence ways before they has sign final settlement. So that there will be less miscommunication and which can avoid misunderstanding between us.
2. I am completely aware of present Indian politics, her constitution, and internal security challenges; The Indian have a peace with NSCN IM and conflict with his brother NSCN K because defense minister has given full encharge to NIA and RAW for arresting the responsible faction to those who killed 18 Indian soldiers in Manipur, which was responsible by NSCN K. And GoI tries to differentiate the Naga issues and that attacking issues but in my eyes or for Nagas people, every one of them are Naga army. I think NSCN IM and Naga civil society should pressurized to GoI to stop playing dirty politics. I have receive a news from my friend that NSF has already submitted a memorandum on this issue to Ravi, Governor and PM of India, and the govt. has given positive respond. Thank to NSF executives for their great job (if it is true)

During the last 60 years, we have witnessed the Naga national movement
a “returning of nationalism” if not of “ethics” per se, at least the movement of a mode of
ethico-juridical reasoning which politically engages the difficult questions of
violence, factionalism and the sacred; terror and the law; life, death and sovereignty; loss and melancholia; or, as we can see in Naga Homeland, the political dilemmas of
truth, hope, justice, and reconciliation. I am wondering whether the emergence of these factionalisms and political criticism on peace accord and the turn to the ethico-juridical has something to do with the fact of our disjointed world experiencing in multi-taxation what for lack of a better policies; I should call politicos uncertainty regarding reconciliation. In such situation, NSCN could play a secondary role and Nagas peoples could play primary role for reconciliation and push to peace accord for the greater interest of Naga society. There are some rumors spread by some people who opposed the peace accord; rumors are spread by bad citizens and coward citizens, spread by fools, and accepted by idiots.  Many civilians are in the stage of fear for the rumors at the point,  “I/we fear, it might be another Hyderi or 9/16 points agreement” and there is a question, ‘if BJP led NDA lost it central power congress govt. Will never recognize Naga issue’? According to my understanding, they will make the accord public based on their political timeline in some form before they has signed the agreement. Actually they need not to hide it from anyone but in order to avoid disturbance from all angle, I think they are not making peace accord public for some time. On the other hand, whether Congress or BJP come to power but Naga right will not change and their policies for dealing internal security challenges is almost same but BJP are more straight-forward and tough when compared. Congress never belief in Naga History, and they refuse to talk to Nagas if their demand included sovereignty. I heard that Mr. Rahul Ganghi laugh when he heard that Nagas are demanding complete sovereignty and they never take it seriously; and all chief minister take a U-turn after Sonia Gandhi against the peace accord. One the other hand, yeah in peace-talk/negotiation for nagas they might be soft and friendly but their stand are clear that they will play delaying politics by pushing Indianization politics and divide and rule policy to Nagas. Thereby, since the BJP are looking for development and trying to sovle based on the historical right and the interest of Nagas  there is a high chances to solve Naga issues under Modi led NDA govt. Nagas should not miss this chances and we should not waste the time by believing to false rumors which come from some selfish people. If we miss this opportunity then Nagas will spend another decade to reach to this stage.  I am neither NSCN nor their supporter, we have our own problem but I really support from my heart for “peace and permanent settlement” for Naga people.  We should study logically; how Naga problem started? What is the cause of factionalism and how to solve? Who are our enemies and our naga families? What is the affect of multiples-taxation and corruption in Naga society? Why the BJP govet. Interest to solve decade long insurgencies in south-East asia? Why the peace accord has sign and can it bring peace and development for Naga society? Why some Nagas are opposing to the peace accord? Is the Indian government ready to grand Naga Nation-State? We don’t have ready-made answers to such fundamental problem. However, theologico-political can help for reconciliation in Naga polity. ? In order to productively engage with these difficult questions, on ‘peace accord’ we have to take seriously on the present political scenario toward permanent peace and final solution and of itself and complete the critique of the reconciliation as myth and therefore of final settlement itself that started long ago. Thereby, Nagas should reason together to find the reasonable and permanent solution for one and all.
Note: it is just my opinion as a concern citizen.
Thanks and Regards

Kharingyo Henry Shimrah.

Address: Pixel Park B Block electronic city phase II Bangalore-560100.

Email Id: karinshimrah@gmail.com

Contact No: +919916638692.

An Open letter to Khekiye K Sema and T. Solo.

Dear, uncle Khekiye K Sema & T. Solo
I have been following most of your writing and I find all your forwarded thought and debated, accepted or rejected are interesting and highly questionable:
I respect your experienced and your golden hairs, and you should reason together with Naga leaders for the betterment of Naga Nation. We need to remember that every human society conceives and seeks to apprehend its political life and character in sharply discrepant ways. It does so through its historical conceptions of what is valuable and how what it deems valuable can be realized through action based on fact, and it does so through its assessment of the impact of power on how and how far these values are realized in the political consequences they have for its Nagas denizens. Neither of these ways can be a surrogate for the other, and they never articulate stably or clearly with one another. My question is, can you reflect back to your writing? Analyzed it with the help of political philosophy. But every society faces a standing temptation, money-power intellectuals as much as political-politicos, to reduce or subordinate one to the other we need to reason together whereas you didn’t, politically speaking. The modern Naga society privilege assessments on peace and permanent solution outcomes; and as soon as they (collective leaderships) attempt to shape Naga nation-state any other way in their (NSCN-GoI) current renderings rapidly dissolve into complete incoherence for a political reason, which you fail to understand. I am very much positive that there is time for everything under political timeline, they (NSCN-GoI) will make public on time in mutual way before they has signed the final settlement. Indigenous Naga politicians and populist intellectuals, civil societies by contrast to your ideas, but defend the primacy of their society’s own conceptions of itself and the goods it aspires or hopes to secure our right and nationhood. I need not to claim you guys are congress agent or judge you whether you’re doing good work for Naga society or doing deconstructionist activities in Naga society but I have to question to myself and especially to every content of your writing. If you guys didn’t want to be a part of peace and reconsideration then no-one is forcing you but please be a part of peace accord as a shareholders for the greater interest of Naga society. Tell your boss that you will stand with Naga people because you already know that voice of people is the voice of god in politics. I request every Naga citizen to play a part of unity-reconciliation toward peace and permanent solution of Nagas denizen but not to play a role of destruction-factional in our families. To be honest, I am really fed-up of multi-taxation, factional-clashes, factionalism, and divide and rule policy from both underground and civil society. What I/We want is peace, development, reconciliation and permanent solution for Naga people under Naga Nation state or Pan Naga Hoho. Lastly, but not the least, I remember how we/youngster really admire your courage leadership under ACAUT ” One Govt. One taxation, and anti-corruption’ and solve the Naga issues in the earliest” We though you come back to clean our Naga society and we supported you with love, but I have little doubt with your intention. Don’t led ACAUT die with your age. However, once again we are waiting your next move for peace and reconciliation. I highly recommend to introspect yourself by realizing your limitation, you don’t have to touch the star. Dear uncle it is late evening in your clock, you need to do a good work for the Naga Society and for Humanity In humane way. May good God Bless you both. No offence.
Thanks

Why the Nagas observes Black Day?

Nagas observes Black Day:

Matikhrü village in 1960 perched on a small mountaintop with a grand view of the Thetsü valley, which stretches into Myanmar after touching the fringes of Manipur state. The river Thetsü flows right through the middle of the valley like a serpent. Behind the village, the top mountains of the Maharikiipo range stand like sentinels guarding the village.

It was on this day the 6th sept. 1960 Punjab Regiment of Indian army came to Matikhrü and surrounded the village in three rings. The Indian armed forces called out all the villagers from their houses and then start mercilessly beaten, hitting with their boots and rifle’s butts,demanding the innocent villagers to reveal the National workers and Naga armies of the NNC/FGN, where about and where were their arms and ammunition were kept??………

Men folks were separated from their wives and children then start sever punishment, force to pull their own ear and frog jumps the whole day on a blazing sun light in full view of their wives and children…. On seeing the conditions of their husbands, women folks were brought water to quench their husband but were kicked and knocked away by the soldiers, they pleaded for mercy but the army threatened and chased them away. The more pleaded the more hitting and beaten, torture went on until their ribs and legs were broken.

By the evening, the Indian army then gun shots threatened women folk and children to leave the village quickly. After threaten to fled their wives and children, men folks were then dragged inside into the house of the village Chief and were made to sit on the floor in row like lamb’s ready to be slaughtered. One of the Indian army brought sharp bladed Naga dao used for daily activities for chopping wood, meat etc. When the village Chief Thah saw it, he quickly sensed that, they are going to butchered to death and he shouted to his friends, “IT’S A MAN’S PRIDE TO SACRIFICE FOR HIS BIRTHRIGHT AND I SHALL NEVER SURRENDER NOR COMPROMISE.I READY TO SACRIFICE MY LIFE FOR THE FUTURE GENERATION OF THE NAGAS”.

Before he could utter more words, Pogholo’s head was chopped off in front of others………. and then beheaded them all and even the pitiless Indian army dumped the dead bodies inside the house of the village Chief and set ablaze to be charred beyond recognition. Entire houses and granaries were burnt to ashes even domestic animals did not spared.

The bereaved mother’s and children who fled into the jungle due to the threaten and fear of the Indian army had to survived on wild yam’s, fruits and raw water etc.. The widows and children lived like wild animals in the dense forest and wilderness for two and half years……… They wander without clothes, no shelter, with leaves and stone as their bed and pillow. In the midst of this immense hardships and suffering, the Naga Army of the NNC/FGN came and escorted to their Sathi camp.

By the grace of the Almighty God, the abandoned village was re-established and normal live only after in January 1963.(see details in Naga Saga/Bloods nTears by Kaka. D. Iralu/Black Day Souviner)…..
The term “BLACK DAY” was coined by the Pochury Students’ Union in the year 1993 under the leadership of Mr. Yitachu. The Union unanimously declared the 6th September as “Black Day” and the people of the Pochury have been observing as “Black Day” in remembered of those who were beheaded by the Indian Army in 1960, 6th September.

The deaths and sacrificed was not for Compromised nor Surrendered but to protect the Naga Sovereignty and Independence. For the tears and bloods of the patriots and innocent. villagers of the Nagas we are honour and dignity today. So also the pain and suffering of the innocent villagers who shed their precious bloods for the cause of the “Nagas Sovereignty” will not go in vain but I am sure and confident that,it will glorify someday sooner or later as said in Philippians1:6.
KUKNALIM.